Skip to content
Pellet Smoker Vs Gravity Smoker

Pellet Smoker Vs Gravity Smoker

BBQ fans are constantly looking for the best smoker to improve their cooking. Pellet and Gravity Smokers are popular smokers. Both have benefits for barbecue fans of varied tastes. In this detailed article, we'll discuss Pellet Smokers and Gravity Smokers' features, benefits, and downsides to help you choose one for your next BBQ.

Pellet Smoker Overview

Due to their simplicity and adaptability, pellet smokers (pellet grills) have become quite popular. These smokers utilize compressed wood pellets as fuel, combining the smokiness of wood smokers with the convenience of gas grills.

Control and operation

A firebox receives wood pellets from an electric auger in pellet smokers. This mechanism lets even beginner grillers choose the exact temperature for smoking, grilling, or roasting. Many Pellet Smokers include digital controls for accurate temperature control.  Learn how pellet smokers operate and how to regulate them.

Fuel Source

The heart of a pellet smoker lies in its fuel source – wood pellets. These pellets are typically made from compressed hardwood sawdust, and they come in various flavors such as hickory, mesquite, applewood, and more. The choice of wood pellets directly impacts the flavor profile of the food being cooked, allowing for a versatile and customizable culinary experience.

Auger System

The key to the automated operation of pellet smokers is the auger system. An auger, a corkscrew-like mechanism, is responsible for transporting the wood pellets from the hopper to the firebox. The speed at which the auger operates determines the rate of pellet consumption and, subsequently, the temperature inside the smoker.


The hopper is a container attached to the side of the pellet smoker that holds the wood pellets. The size of the hopper varies among different models, affecting the cooking duration. A larger hopper allows for longer unattended cooking, perfect for low and slow smoking.


pellet smoker camp chef

Combustion Process

Once the wood pellets are in the firebox, the combustion process begins. Pellet smokers utilize an electric heating element to ignite the pellets, starting a controlled fire. The amount of oxygen provided to the fire, regulated by the smoker's control system, determines the combustion rate and, consequently, the temperature inside the cooking chamber.

Control Panel

Most modern pellet smokers are equipped with a digital control panel. This panel allows users to set and monitor the cooking temperature accurately. The temperature control feature is one of the primary advantages of pellet smokers, as it eliminates the guesswork associated with traditional charcoal or wood smokers.

Temperature Probe

To ensure precision in cooking, pellet smokers come with a built-in temperature probe. This probe monitors the internal temperature of the cooking chamber, providing real-time feedback to the control panel. The control system then adjusts the speed of the auger and the airflow to maintain the desired temperature.

Fan System

Pellet smokers incorporate a fan system to control the airflow within the smoker. The fan regulates the oxygen supply to the fire, influencing the combustion intensity. This, in turn, affects the temperature. The fan system works in tandem with the control panel to maintain a consistent and even temperature throughout the cooking process.

PID Controllers

Many high-end pellet smokers feature PID (Proportional-Integral-Derivative) controllers. These advanced controllers analyze the temperature data from the probe and make continuous adjustments to the auger speed and fan operation. PID controllers excel at maintaining a stable temperature, reducing fluctuations and ensuring precise cooking conditions.

Pellet Ignition System

To ignite the pellets, pellet smokers use an ignition system that can be either a hot rod or an electric igniter. The hot rod, when activated, ignites the pellets in the firebox, initiating the combustion process. The electric igniter performs a similar function, ensuring a quick and efficient start-up.

Shutdown Cycle

Once the cooking is complete, pellet smokers often go through a shutdown cycle. During this phase, the remaining pellets in the firebox are burned off, and the smoker gradually cools down. This automated process enhances safety and contributes to the overall convenience of using a pellet smoker.

Pros of Pellet Smoker

Pellet smokers, also known as pellet grills, have gained popularity for their convenience and versatility. However, like any cooking appliance, they come with their own set of pros and cons. Let's dive into the detailed advantages and disadvantages of pellet smokers

Easy to use

Pellet smokers are widely praised for their user-friendly design. They typically feature digital controllers and electric augers, allowing users to set the desired temperature easily. This automation makes them ideal for both beginners and seasoned grillers looking for a hassle-free cooking experience.

Temperature Control

Precise temperature control is a standout feature of pellet smokers. With the ability to set specific temperatures, users can achieve consistent and even cooking results. This makes it easier to experiment with various cooking techniques, from low and slow smoking to high-temperature grilling.


camp chef smoker dial


Pellet smokers are versatile cooking appliances that can function as smokers, grills, and even ovens. This flexibility allows users to smoke ribs, grill burgers, sear steaks, or bake pizza—all with the same appliance. The wide temperature range contributes to this versatility.

Clean and Efficient Combustion

The use of compressed wood pellets results in a clean and efficient combustion process. This leads to less ash production compared to traditional wood or charcoal smokers. The controlled burn contributes to a consistent and balanced smoky flavor without flare-ups.

Wide Range of Wood Pellet Flavors

Pellet smokers offer a variety of wood pellet flavors, including hickory, mesquite, applewood, cherry, and more. This allows users to experiment with different wood profiles, imparting distinct and customizable flavors to their grilled or smoked dishes.

Convenience Features

Many pellet smokers come equipped with additional features such as meat probes, WiFi connectivity, and mobile apps. These features enhance the overall convenience of the cooking process, allowing users to monitor and control their smoker remotely.

Consistent Heat Distribution

Pellet smokers are designed to distribute heat evenly throughout the cooking chamber. This ensures that food is cooked uniformly, reducing the likelihood of hot spots and uneven results.

Flavor Profile

The wood pellets used in Pellet Smokers come in a variety of flavors, such as hickory, mesquite, applewood, and cherry. This allows users to experiment with different wood flavors to impart a distinct taste to their grilled or smoked dishes. The controlled combustion process in pellet smokers results in a consistent and clean burn, contributing to a balanced and delicious flavor profile.


Pellet Smokers are highly versatile, functioning as smokers, grills, and even ovens. With the ability to sear at high temperatures or smoke low and slow, these smokers cater to a wide range of cooking styles. The versatility of Pellet Smokers makes them a favorite among those who enjoy experimenting with various cooking techniques.

Cons of Pellet Smokers

Dependency on Electricity

Pellet smokers require electricity to operate the auger and digital controller. In the absence of power, these smokers cannot function, limiting their use in certain outdoor settings without access to electrical outlets.

Potential Mechanical Issues

The automated components of pellet smokers, such as the auger and digital controller, may be prone to mechanical issues over time. Malfunctions in these parts can affect temperature control and overall performance.


Pellet smokers are generally more expensive upfront compared to some other types of smokers. The cost is influenced by factors such as brand, size, and features. However, many users find the investment worthwhile for the convenience and versatility offered.

Pellet Availability

The availability of wood pellets may vary depending on location. While pellets are widely accessible in many regions, some users may find it challenging to locate a diverse range of flavors or specific brands.

Less Intense Smoky Flavor

Some barbecue purists argue that pellet smokers produce a milder smoky flavor compared to traditional wood or charcoal smokers. While this is subjective, those seeking a stronger, more traditional smokiness may find pellet smokers to be less intense.

Limited High-Temperature Searing

While pellet smokers can achieve high temperatures, they might not be as effective for quick and intense searing as dedicated charcoal or gas grills. This limitation can be a drawback for those who prioritize high-temperature grilling.

Gravity Smoker Overview

Gravity Smokers, often referred to as charcoal gravity feed smokers, offer a more traditional approach to smoking. These smokers rely on charcoal as their primary fuel source and operate on the principle of gravity-fed fuel delivery.

masterbuilt smoker

Operation and Control

Gravity Smokers feature a charcoal chute or hopper positioned above the cooking chamber. Charcoal briquettes or lump charcoal are loaded into the chute, and as they burn, fresh charcoal is automatically fed into the firebox by gravity. The air intake and exhaust vents are crucial for controlling the temperature, and experienced pitmasters master the art of manipulating these vents to achieve the desired heat levels. Let's delve into the details of how gravity smokers work and the key elements involved in their operation.

Design and Components

Gravity smokers typically consist of a vertical chamber divided into two main sections – the charcoal chute or hopper located at the top, and the cooking chamber below. The chute serves as a reservoir for charcoal, allowing it to flow down into the firebox as needed. The design may also include additional features such as air intake vents, exhaust vents, and cooking grates.

Charcoal Loading

The operation begins with loading charcoal into the charcoal chute or hopper. Charcoal briquettes or lump charcoal can be used, and the quantity loaded depends on the desired cooking duration and temperature. The vertical arrangement of the chute allows charcoal to naturally feed downward as it burns.

Airflow Control

The control of temperature in a gravity smoker is primarily achieved through the manipulation of airflow. Air intake vents are positioned at the bottom of the smoker, allowing oxygen to enter and facilitate combustion. Exhaust vents, usually located at the top, enable the release of smoke and hot air. Adjusting these vents regulates the airflow, affecting the intensity of the fire and subsequently the cooking temperature.


masterbuilt open smoker

Temperature Monitoring

Gravity smokers may come equipped with built-in temperature gauges, but many pitmasters prefer to use additional temperature monitoring devices for accuracy. Probes or thermometers are strategically placed in the cooking chamber to provide real-time temperature readings. Monitoring the temperature is crucial for achieving the desired results, whether smoking meats low and slow or grilling at higher temperatures.

Fuel Consumption

As charcoal burns in the firebox, fresh charcoal from the chute is automatically fed into the firebox due to the force of gravity. This gravity-fed mechanism ensures a continuous and steady supply of fuel, allowing for long smoking sessions without the need for constant refueling. Pitmasters may need to monitor the level of charcoal in the chute and reload as necessary.

Fire Management

Achieving optimal results with a gravity smoker requires skill in fire management. Pitmasters learn to strike a balance between air intake and exhaust to control the combustion rate. Closing the vents reduces airflow, lowering the temperature, while opening them increases airflow, raising the temperature. This fine-tuning is crucial for maintaining a consistent and controlled cooking environment.

Adjusting for Different Cooking Styles

Gravity smokers are versatile and can be adjusted for various cooking styles. For low and slow smoking, pitmasters may close the vents partially to maintain a lower temperature. Conversely, for high-temperature grilling, opening the vents wide allows for increased airflow and a hotter fire. This adaptability makes gravity smokers suitable for a range of culinary techniques.

Pros of Gravity Smoker

Gravity smokers, also known as charcoal gravity feed smokers, have their own set of advantages and disadvantages. Let's delve into the detailed pros and cons of gravity smokers to help you make an informed decision when choosing the right smoker for your barbecue needs.


masterbuilt smoker in use

Authentic Flavor

Gravity smokers are celebrated for producing an authentic smoky flavor that is reminiscent of traditional wood-fired barbecue. The use of charcoal as the primary fuel imparts a rich and robust taste to the food, appealing to barbecue purists.

Simple Design

Gravity smokers have a straightforward and simple design. With a charcoal chute or hopper positioned above the cooking chamber, the mechanism relies on gravity to feed fresh charcoal into the firebox. This simplicity makes them relatively easy to understand and operate.


While primarily designed for smoking, many gravity smokers offer the versatility to function as grills. This flexibility allows users to experiment with different cooking techniques, making them suitable for a variety of barbecue styles.

No Electricity Required

Gravity smokers operate without the need for electricity. This makes them a practical choice for outdoor settings where power sources might be limited or unavailable. It also adds to their portability, as users can take them on camping trips or to other outdoor events.

High Cooking Capacity

Gravity smokers often have large cooking capacities, making them suitable for cooking large quantities of food. This makes them a popular choice for gatherings, events, or when entertaining a larger group of people.

Economical Fuel Source

Charcoal, the primary fuel source for gravity smokers, is generally more economical than some other types of fuel, such as wood pellets. This can be advantageous for users who are conscious of their fuel costs.

Flavor Profile

Gravity Smokers are renowned for producing an authentic smoky flavor, reminiscent of traditional wood-fired barbecue. The use of charcoal as the primary fuel source imparts a rich and robust taste to the food. Many barbecue purists appreciate the distinct flavor achieved with a Gravity Smoker, considering it a hallmark of classic barbecue.

Skill and Experience

Operating a Gravity Smoker often requires a bit more skill and experience compared to Pellet Smokers. Pitmasters need to monitor and adjust the air intake and exhaust vents to control the temperature. While this adds an element of challenge, it also allows for a more hands-on and immersive barbecue experience.

Cons of Gravity Smokers:

Temperature Control Challenges

Achieving and maintaining precise temperature control in a gravity smoker can be challenging. The pitmaster needs to manually adjust the air intake and exhaust vents to regulate the temperature, requiring a certain level of skill and experience.


masterbuilt smoker dial

Learning Curve

Operating a gravity smoker effectively requires a learning curve. Beginners may find it challenging to master the nuances of temperature control and airflow management. This hands-on approach, while rewarding for enthusiasts, can be intimidating for those new to smoking.

Limited Features

Gravity smokers typically have fewer features compared to some modern alternatives like pellet smokers. While they excel at smoking, they may lack additional functionalities such as automated temperature control systems, multiple cooking zones, or built-in temperature probes.

Portability Challenges

While gravity smokers are generally more portable than some other types of smokers, they can still be heavy and cumbersome. Some models may not be as easily transportable as smaller, more compact smokers.

Charcoal Maintenance

Gravity smokers require regular attention to maintain an adequate supply of charcoal. Users need to monitor and replenish the charcoal chute to ensure a consistent heat source. This can be a drawback for those who prefer a more hands-off approach to smoking.

masterbuilt hopper

Longer Heat-Up Time

Gravity smokers may have a longer heat-up time compared to some other smokers, such as propane or electric smokers. This means users need to plan ahead and allow additional time for the smoker to reach the desired cooking temperature.


Comparison Between Pellet Smoker vs Gravity Smoker

Now that we've explored the key features of Pellet Smokers and Gravity Smokers, let's delve into a detailed comparison to help you make an informed decision based on your preferences and requirements.

Ease of Use

Pellet Smoker

Known for their user-friendly operation, Pellet Smokers are ideal for beginners. The automated auger system and digital controllers make it easy to set and maintain the desired temperature without constant monitoring.

Gravity Smoker

Requires more hands-on control, making it suitable for experienced grillers who enjoy the traditional art of managing a charcoal-fueled smoker.

Temperature Control

Pellet Smoker

Offers precise temperature control with the ability to set specific temperatures. The automated system ensures a consistent and even temperature throughout the cooking process.

Gravity Smoker

Temperature control relies on manual adjustments of air vents, requiring the pitmaster's skill to maintain the desired temperature. This hands-on approach allows for greater control but demands more attention.

Flavor Profile

Pellet Smoker

Imparts a clean and balanced smoky flavor, with a variety of wood pellets available for experimentation. The controlled combustion process contributes to a consistent flavor profile.

Gravity Smoker

Delivers a traditional and robust smoky flavor, appreciated by barbecue purists. The use of charcoal adds depth to the taste, creating a classic barbecue experience.


Pellet Smoker

Highly versatile, functioning as a smoker, grill, and oven. The ability to sear at high temperatures and smoke at low temperatures makes it suitable for a wide range of cooking styles.

Gravity Smoker 

Primarily designed for smoking, with limited versatility as a grill. While some models may offer grilling capabilities, the main strength lies in low and slow smoking.


Pellet Smoker

Generally heavier due to the automated components and electronics. Some portable models are available, but they may sacrifice certain features.

Gravity Smoker

Tends to be more portable and straightforward, making it a favorite among those who enjoy taking their smoker on camping trips or outdoor events.


In the Pellet Smoker vs. Gravity Smoker debate, the choice ultimately comes down to personal preferences, experience level, and the type of barbecue experience you seek. Pellet Smokers offer convenience, precise control, and versatility, making them suitable for a wide range of users, especially beginners. On the other hand, Gravity Smokers provide a more hands-on and traditional approach, appealing to those who value the art of charcoal smoking and desire a classic smoky flavor.

Before making your decision, consider factors such as your cooking style, preferred flavor profile, and the level of involvement you want in the smoking process. Whether you opt for the modern convenience of a Pellet Smoker or the classic charm of a Gravity Smoker, both options have their merits and can contribute to memorable barbecue experiences. Ultimately, the best smoker for you is the one that aligns with your preferences and enhances your enjoyment of the barbecue journey.

Previous article Top 5 Best Flat Top BBQ Australia
Next article Pellet Smoker Vs Electric Smoker

Leave a comment

Comments must be approved before appearing

* Required fields