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How to Store Wood Pellets for Pellet Smoker

How to Store Wood Pellets for Pellet Smoker

Grills and heaters employ wood pellets, small, cylindrical, firmly compressed wood biomass. Compressing sawdust, wood shavings, and other wood wastes without binders or additions creates them. These pellets burn cleanly and effectively without ash or pollutants, making them environmentally friendly. Pellet smokers use wood pellets for heat and smoke to cook and flavor food. 

To maintain quality, performance, and longevity, pellet smokers must store wood pellets properly. This lesson will cover wood pellet storage to maximize your pellet smoker.

pellets in hooper

The Importance of Proper Pellet Storage

Keeping wood pellets safe and useful, especially in pellet smokers, needs appropriate storage. You must store wood pellets appropriately. In this detailed discussion, we'll discuss the numerous factors and why pellet storage is crucial.

Do Wood Pellets Go Bad?

If you’ve not grilled for a while, you’re probably wondering whether the pellets you bought in bulk are still good for use. Or rather, you’re wondering how long your latest purchase of wood pellets will last before it goes bad.

Generally, wood pellets don’t have an expiration or “best by” date and can be used when needed. From experience, I’ve never seen such notations on a wood pellet bag.

But just because wood pellets don’t have an expiry date doesn’t mean you can use any bag of wood pellets you find lying in your garage or basement.

Wood pellets are usually made from ground-up wood sawdust, compressed into pellet shape. Thus, over time, they may degrade, just like wood. Moisture is usually the biggest threat to wood pellets.

Exposure to moisture and water expands and swells the pellets, making them lose efficiency. Damp wood pellets are generally unusable.

One way to identify whether wood pellets are good for use is to see if they're stuck together (moisture makes the pellets swell and break down to sawdust). You can also press them to see if they're not soft.

If they seem okay, then you’re safe. Personally, however, I would toss the pellets in the old fire pit and use a new bag of pellets.

You see, the biggest problem with using old, wet pellets is that they can deform and then re-solidify to jam up your auger and cost you a new motor. It's not a huge deal, but it's not something you want to deal with for something you can help with. After all, a bag of wood pellets is only $10.

On top of that, old pellets will make your food taste like crap.


Maintaining the Quality of Pellets

Maintaining the quality of the pellets is the main motivation for paying attention to appropriate pellet storage. Wood pellets are meticulously produced to guarantee that they are devoid of impurities and that their size and moisture content are constant. These qualitative traits may quickly decrease when exposed to external variables such as dampness, temperature variations, and pests.

Moisture, in particular, may be harmful. Due to their high absorption capacity, wood pellets may clump and swell when exposed to water. This may cause obstructions and damage to your pellet smoker in addition to affecting the pellets' function. Shots that are stored properly stay dry and don't clump, which makes it easier for them to ignite and burn.

Preserving the Ideal Smoke Flavor

For those who like smoking pellets, one of the most important aspects of their cooking is the taste that the wood pellets offer. Wood pellets of various kinds, such as mesquite, applewood, or hickory, provide the dish with unique flavors. If food is not stored properly, it might absorb tastes and scents from the surrounding area and transmit them to the meal you are smoking.

It's essential to keep wood pellets in a hygienic, odor-free environment if you want to preserve the integrity of the smoke taste. This guarantees that the unique taste and scent of the woods that you anticipate from the pellets you have selected remain, improving the overall quality of your smoked foods.

Keeping Pellets From Degrading

Wood pellets may begin to deteriorate when they come into contact with air. Over time, the oxygen in the air may cause the shells to degrade, which will alter how well they burn. This deterioration may lead to uneven and ineffective burning, which will alter the temperature within your pellet smoker. These variations may negatively affect the cooking process, particularly when control and accuracy are crucial.

By minimizing their exposure to oxygen, proper storage—which usually entails sealing the pellets in airtight containers or bags—prevents deterioration and guarantees a consistent and dependable heat source in your smoker.

Economy of Cost

Wood pellets are an investment in addition to being high-quality and flavorful. Proper storage helps safeguard this investment. You wind up spending money on replacements when pellets deteriorate or become worthless as a result of incorrect storage. On the other hand, if you store your pellets properly, they will last longer, and you won't have to pay to replace your supply.

Practicality and Trustworthiness

Convenience and dependability are directly related to effective pellet storage. It is no longer necessary to regularly check and sort your pellets for quality problems when you keep them correctly. When the time comes to smoke, you can be sure that your pellets will be ready to go without any hassles or unplanned delays.

Choosing the Right Wood Pellets

pellets up close

To get the taste and outcomes you want out of your BBQ and smoking projects, choosing the appropriate wood pellets for your pellet smoker is an essential first step. The flavor and fragrance of your smoked food may be greatly influenced by the kind of wood pellets you choose. We'll go over the many wood pellet alternatives available and the elements to take into account when selecting the correct wood pellets for your pellet smoker in this in-depth talk.

Wood Type and Flavor Profile

The kind of wood is the first and most important consideration when selecting wood pellets. The meal being smoked acquires unique tastes from the various kinds of wood. Every type of wood pellet has a distinct taste profile that complements certain food kinds. The taste characteristics of a few popular wood kinds are as follows:

A Hickory 

Hickory is well-known for its robust, assertive, and subtly sweet taste. It pairs well with a variety of meats, such as pig, chicken, and ribs.


The earthy, peppery, and powerful taste that mesquite adds to foods goes well with bold-flavored meats like game, lamb, and cattle.

The Applewood 

With its light, sweet, and fruity taste, applewood is ideal for fish, poultry, and pork—especially if you want your smokiness to be delicate and subtle.


Cherry wood pellets provide a hint of sweetness and a moderate, somewhat fruity taste to foods like chicken, pork, and shellfish.


Because of their generally mild taste, oak pellets go well with a variety of foods. They let forth a steady, clear smoke without obscuring the food's inherent tastes.


Fish and other seafood are often smoked with alder wood pellets because of their delicate, light, and somewhat sweet taste.

The wood you choose should complement your smoking style and the protein you're smoking. Finding your preferred taste combinations may be a fun process when experimenting with various wood species.

Pellet Quality

Choosing premium wood pellets is crucial to achieving the greatest outcomes. The best pellets are usually created from unadulterated hardwood sawdust, devoid of any fillers or additions. They must be well processed to reduce particles and dust, guaranteeing even and seamless pellet feeding into your smoker. Seek reliable brands that follow strict quality control guidelines to provide a clean and steady burn.

Standards and Certification

Look for certificates and regulations that guarantee wood pellets fulfill certain quality and safety requirements while selecting them. For instance, the Pellet Fuels Institute (PFI) in the US establishes requirements for the moisture level, ash content, and diameter of pellets. Because PFI-certified pellets adhere to these industry-recognized criteria, they are a dependable option.

Content of Moisture

One important component affecting how well wood pellets work in your pellet smoker is their moisture level. Typically, the ideal moisture level is between 5% and 8%. Too wet shots may cause problems during burning, but too dry pellets might produce too much heat. Sufficient moisture content guarantees steady burning and production of smoke.

Refraining from Additives

On the market, there are wood pellets that could include binders or additives. In general, it's best to choose shots free of additives as they might change the taste and security of your smoked food. Natural hardwood pellets that are pure provide a more genuine smoking experience.

Harmony with Your Cigarette

Take into account the pellets that the maker of your pellet smoker recommends using. Certain types or sizes of shells may be more effective for certain smokers, so paying attention to these recommendations will help you get the most out of your smoker.

Personal Taste and Experimentation

The selection of wood pellets is ultimately a question of taste. Though recommendations might be useful, don't be afraid to experiment and try out various wood kinds to find your favorite flavors. Pellets may also be combined to produce interesting taste combinations.

Storage Containers for Wood Pellets

pellets in containers

To keep wood pellets functioning and of high quality, they must be stored properly. There are a number of solutions available for wood pellet storage containers, each having pros and downsides to take into account. Let's investigate these choices in more detail:

Pellet Storage Bins

One common option for storing wood pellets is to use containers for pellet storage. These containers are available in a range of dimensions and materials, such as plastic and galvanized metal. When utilizing pellet storage containers, keep the following considerations in mind:


Pellet storage bins are ideal for those who purchase pellets in bulk or use their pellet smokers regularly since they can keep a sizable amount of shots.


When restocking the smoker, bins usually include easy-to-access lids or apertures that make it simple to remove pellets.


A lot of pellet storage containers include insect and moisture protection. For the best pellet preservation, look for models with sealed lids and pest-resistant features.


If used for outdoor storage, these bins may be highly resilient and resist a variety of weather conditions, depending on the material.


Pellet storage bin prices vary according to features and size. They may cost more upfrontBy. By maintaining pellet quality and reducing waste, they might save you money over time.

Airtight Containers

If you want to be sure that your wood pellets are completely protected, airtight containers are a great option. When utilizing airtight containers, keep the following points in mind:

Seal Caliber

Airtight containers provide a reliable defense against moisture and air. If you want to keep your pellets fresh and intact, look for containers with premium sealing.


For individuals who have limited room or need to transfer pellets with ease, airtight containers are a practical option since they are often more compact and portable than bigger storage bins.

Ability to stack

It helps save space in storage places when airtight containers are made to be stacked.


Generally, food-grade materials or plastic are used to make airtight containers. Make sure the container you choose is suitable for food and won't taste or smell the pellets.


You can view the pellet level without opening certain sealed containers since they feature transparent lids or sides.

Vacuum-Sealed Bags

Another unusual wood pellet storage solution is vacuum-sealed containers. What you need know about them is as follows:


The freshness and purity of the pellets are well preserved by the airtight seal created by vacuum-sealed bags, which exclude air.


These bags are convenient to keep and carry since they are often lightweight and small. If you have to take pellets on the move, they are an excellent option.

Defense Against Moisture

To keep moisture out and keep your pellets dry, vacuum-sealed containers work well.


Once the last batch of pellets is finished, you may replace certain vacuum-sealed bags with new ones since they are meant to be reused.


Although vacuum-sealed bags are quite good at maintaining the quality of pellets, there may be better options for storing large amounts of shots for an extended period. Other choices, such as storage containers, could be more useful for bulk storage.

Original Packaging

Many enthusiasts who are interested in pellets often want to use the original container. When utilizing the original packaging, keep the following in mind:


Since original pellet bags often have handles that make them simple to carry, they are already made with storage for pellets in mind.


Labels indicating the kind of wood and any certificates are usually included in the original container, making it simple to identify the pellets.

Restricted Safety

The original packaging may shield the pellets from certain environmental elements, but for long-term storage, airtight containers or storage bins may be a better option for maintaining pellet quality.


To safeguard the original packaging from air and moisture, use clips or other sealing methods.

Location and Placement for Storing Wood Pellets

Wood pellets should be stored properly to ensure quality and operate effectively in your pellet smoker or grill.

Storage: Indoor vs. Outdoor 

Although storing it outdoors is more convenient, especially if it's close to your smoker, keeping it inside provides more consistent temperatures and weather protection.

Floor and Elevation

Make sure the outdoor drainage system is operating correctly, and raise your storage bins to prevent moisture absorption from the ground. Consider applying moisture-resistant barriers to concrete floors and provide sufficient ventilation to avoid condensation.


Your storage should ideally be next to your smoker and easily accessible. Make sure the area is neat, safe, and well-lit.

Airtight Sealing and Containers

Whether you're indoors or outside, use airtight containers to protect against moisture and air exposure.

Protection from Moisture: Keeping Pellets Dry and Avoiding Humidity

pellets in a bag

A vital component of good wood pellet storage is keeping them dry, particularly if you're using them in a grill or pellet smoker. Moisture may cause clumping, lower the quality of the pellets, and make your smoker operate less efficiently. The significance of preventing water and maintaining dry wood pellets in your storage space will be covered in full in this guide.

Keeping Pellets Dry

Maintaining the dryness of your wood pellets is essential to keeping them high-quality. The following are the most important things to remember:

Selection of Containers

Select moisture- and airtight-resistant storage containers. Vacuum-sealed bags, airtight containers, and pellet storage bins are all great choices. These containers shield the pellets and the outside humidity.

Bring the Pellets Up

Raise the pallets or storage bins above the ground. This prevents moisture, particularly in outdoor storage facilities, from leaking through the floor. Pallets, shelving, and storage racks are useful tools for this.

Guard Against Snow and Rain

Make sure the pellet storage space has a roof or other covering to protect the containers from direct rain and snow if you store pellets outside. Preventing exposure to these factors is important, even with closed containers.

Retighten the original packaging

If you would rather keep pellets in their original packaging, make sure the bags are securely sealed using clips or other sealing techniques. This adds degree of moisture resistance.

Look for any leaks

Check the storage space and your storage containers on a regular basis for any damage or leaks that might jeopardize the seal. To keep containers functional, fix or replace them as necessary.

Products That Absorb Moisture

To assist in fighting humidity and moisture, include moisture-absorbing items inside your storage containers, such as desiccant bags or packets of silica gel. These goods may be helpful in places with a lot of humidity.

Avoiding Humidity

Reducing the amount of moisture in your storage space is just as crucial as keeping the pellets dry. The quality of shots may suffer from condensation, which is brought on by humidity. Here's how humidity may be avoided and managed:

Choose the Right Location

Use places for storage that have low levels of humidity. When compared to outdoor areas, indoor storage—like a garage or shed—often offers superior humidity control.

Exhaust System

Make sure the space you store things in has enough airflow. Enough ventilation helps lower the chance of condensation and stop humidity from building up. But, use caution while attempting to ventilate the area so as not to introduce an excessive amount of external dampness.


Use dehumidifiers to manage and lower moisture levels in high-humidity situations. Particularly useful for interior storage areas are dehumidifiers.

Barriers to Moisture

If your storage area has concrete floors, use moisture-resistant barriers. Water may be prevented from damaging pellets by plastic sheeting or moisture-absorbing matting.


Periodically monitor storage humidity using a hygrometer. This device helps maintain and adjust humidity levels.


Wood pellets must be maintained carefully to maintain quality and for a pleasurable smoking or grilling experience. Select the container and location first. Vacuum-sealed bags, airtight containers, pellet storage bins, and original packaging work well. Indoor or outdoor storage, ventilation, and elevation protect pellets against moisture and humidity. These storage methods will keep your wood pellets pest-free, dry, and ready to cook in your pellet smoker or grill.

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